The myth of Matsya is about a king who, with his family, survive a “great flood”, along with the Seven Sages, the four Vedas, nine types of seeds, and various animals, with the aid of Lord Vishnu.

Shraddhadeva ManuEdit

Shraddhadeva Manu (also known as Satyavrata, meaning "always truthful") is an antediluvian king of the Dravida Kingdom before the Great Flood, according to Hindu tradition. Manu is said to be the son of Vivasvat (also known as Manuvaivasvata).[1] Manu is forewarned of a coming "great flood" by the matsya avatara of Vishnu. He saves humanity by heeding a warning from Vishnu, to seek protection on a "big boat" that is designed to carry his family and the saptarishi to safety.

The puranasEdit

800px-Matsya Raja Ravi Varma Press

Matsya with the Vedas as infants

In the Bhagavata and Matsya puranas, Vishnu reveals himself and informs the king of a "great flood"[2] where "earth, ether and heaven will be flooded by the all-devouring ocean; When the three worlds are submerged in the waters of annihilation."[3] Vishnu sends a "big boat" to protect Manu's family, the saptarishi, nine types of seeds, and animals to repopulate the earth—after the deluge ends and the oceans and seas recede. In preparation for the coming flood, Vishnu appears as a "golden fish" (Matsya) having a horn by which the king fastens the "great serpent" Vâsuki (who is used as a rope) from the horn to the boat.[4] After the great flood, the boat perches on the top of the Malaya Mountains.[5][6] Manu's family and the seven sages then repopulate the earth. Praise is given to Vishnu for having "returned the Vedic records that were stolen from the mouths of Lord Brahmâ who lay deep asleep in the waters of the flood.'"[7]


By reference of the time-lines given in the puranas, Manu's story is calculated to have occurred before 28 chaturyuga in the present Manvantara, which is the 7th Manvantara. This amounts to 120 million years ago.[8][9][10]


  1. The Hare Krsnas - The Manus - Manus of the Present Universe
  2. S'rîmad Bhâgavatam, Canto 8, Chapter 24, text 31
  3. Matsya Purana, Ch.I, 10-33
  4. Matsya Purana, Ch.II, 1-19
  5. The story of Vedic India as embodied ... - Google Books. 2008-03-14. Retrieved 2010-12-08. 
  6. The Matsya Purana March 2014/ Archived March 26, 2014 at the Wayback Machine
  7. S'rîmad Bhâgavatam (Bhâgavata Purâna)Canto 8, Chapter 24, text 31-60
  8. "G. P. Bhatt (ed.), The vayu purana, part-II, 1st ed., 784--789, tr. G. V. Tagare. In vol.38 of Ancient Indian Tradition and Mythology, Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1988.". Retrieved 10 April 2016. 
  9. "J. L. Shastri (ed.), The kurma-purana, part-I, 1st ed., 47--52, tr. G. V. Tagare. In vol.20 of A.I.T.&M., Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1981.". Retrieved 10 April 2016. 
  10. "J. L. Shastri (ed.), The Narada purana, part-II, 1st ed., p. 699, tr. G. V. Tagare. In vol.16 of A.I.T.&M., Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1981.". Retrieved 10 April 2016. 
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