Mythapedia Wiki

The City of Enoch is an antediluvian city in Hebrew Genesis that was dedicated to Cain's firstborn son—named Enoch (Gen.4:17).


Support for associating the city of Enoch with the Giza pyramid complex is highly circumstantial. However, even if the connection is considered totally erroneous, the common motif of sibling rivalry still remains, where the bloodline of Seth struggles to survive over the bloodline of Cain (Compare Gen.3:15).

Giza pyramid connection[]

According to geologist Robert M. Schoch's Sphinx water erosion hypothesis, Schoch proposes that at least the Sphinx of Giza is far older than the official dating record nominally agreed upon by Egyptologists and conservative historians. Schock places the building of the Sphinx to at least 10,000 years ago.[1] In Anatolia, the discovery and well-established dating of Gobekli Tepe to about the same period as Schoch's hypothesis, is a confirmation to progressive scientific circles that mankind may have been capable of building the massive and complicated structures that we know today, as early as 10,000 years ago.


Amateur archaeologist, Erich von Daniken alleges to the wisdom of Thoth as an Egyptian deity who bestowed the knowledge needed to build the monuments of Giza, namely the Pyramids, if not built them himself. Daniken makes further attempts to associate Biblical Enoch to Thoth, by interpreting the meaning of their names.[2] However, there are two antediluvian Enochs in Hebrew Genesis: (1) the lesser-known first Enoch, a son of Cain (Gen.4:17); and (2) the well-known second Enoch, grandfather of Noah, descendants of Seth (Gen.5:19).

Peter Paul Rubens: Cain slaying Abel

Enoch (חֲנוֹךְ‎), according to Strong's Concordance means "dedicated"; also the Gesenius' Hebrew-Chaldee Lexicon gives the meaning "initiated", or "initiating".[3] If there is a supposed link between the Pyramids of Giza and the name Enoch, Hebrew Genesis seems to lend better support for an origins connection to the Enoch, son of Cain, rather than Enoch (of Seth's bloodline). Cain essentially dedicated the first Biblically known antediluvian city after his first child, to become the city (עִיר‎) of Enoch (Gen.4:17). The concept of Cain's Enoch corresponding to Egypt, could semi-highlight a common motif of sibling struggle; by the sons of Seth (Israelites) in a land that allegedly once belonged to the sons of Cain, which would have been rededicated as Egypt by descendants of Ham, who possibly also bore the Curse of Ham (Gen. 9:20–27).


It is not until after the Great Flood could the descendants of Seth, through Noah, inherent the Earth. If the Giza pyramids and its monuments are the remains of Cain's city of Enoch, the land would be re-inhabited, according to Josephus, by the sons of Ham[4] through "the children of Mesraim, being eight in number",[5] a number that matches that of the Egyptian Ogdoad.[6]

See also[]